Hunters’ reports have led scientists to this this new species of monkey from the northern forests of Myanmar.
Biologists from the Myanmar Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association described the monkey in the American Journal of Primatology. The Myanmar snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus strykeri) was only discovered after researchers heard reports from hunters of a strange monkey with upturned nostrils and prominent lips. It is known locally as mey nwoah,or ‘monkey with an upturned face’.
This chiroteuthid squid is about two and uses bioluminescence to attract prey. It was collected during an expedition an expedition to the seamounts of the southern Indian Ocean.
In addition to finding the new species, The expedition confirmed that the region is a biodiverse hotspot for squids. To date, the expedition has identified 70 species of squid comprising 20% of the world’s known squid species.
A new (still unnamed) species of four-marked lemur has been found in Madagascar.
The lemur was first spotted by western scientists in 1995 when Conservation International president and primate expert Russ Mittermeier sighted it during an expedition. But it wasn’t until October 2010 that Mittermeier could confirm via genetic analysis it was indeed an undescribed species.
The yellow-spotted Bell frog, Litoria castanata has been rediscovered in Australia after 30 years. The population of about 100 frogs was found by New South Wales Fisheries field scientist Luke Pearce.
Cnemaspis huaseesom is one of ten new species of gecko described by The Thailand Nature Explorer, a biodiversity and environmental preservation group over the last year.
This new species of seahorse has been discovered more than ten years after the tiny specimen was put on display in a museum.
The creature was caught in 1995 in waters off south-western Australia and taken to a local museum.
But it went unnoticed until 2006 when a staff member realised it was unusual.
The creature, which is just a few millimetres long, is unlike any other variety because it doesn’t have a dorsal fin.
It has been named Hippocampus paradoxus. The name paradoxus was chosen because of its meaning - strange and contrary to all expectation.
University of Kansas student, Jesse Grismer, was traveling in Vietnam with his father, a herpetologist at La Sierra University in California. They were in search of the unknown lizard based on a lead by a fellow scientist and family friend, Ngo Van Tri of the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology.
Tri had informed Grismer and his father that the lizards were to be found on the menu at a particular restaurant in the Ca Mau region on Vietnam’s Mekong Delta.
The restaurant owner put the Grismers and Tri in touch with locals who were able to help the scientists find more lizards in the field.
The new species, Leiolepis ngovantrii, is unique in that it is the only asexual lizard species in southern Vietnam. The population is made up only of females.
A new species of forest-dwelling rail, Mentocrex beankaensis, has just been described from the dry forest of Madagascar. The research team, which included ornithologists from Chicago’s Field Museum of Natural History described the rail from a specimen found during a biodiversity inventory of the unique and remote Beanka Forest region. The Beanka forest is largely intact, a fact that makes it extremely important on an island where 97 percent of the forests are now gone.
The Lesser Rhea is the smaller of the two extant species of these large flightless birds of South America. It is often referred to as Darwin’s Rhea. Darwin Described the genus from a specimen he famously worked quite hard to collect during a stop in Patagonia in August of 1833.
A Rhea species was named after Darwin as part of John Gould’s presentation to the Zoological Society of London on the Ornithology of the Beagle. Darwin’s Rhea would later be synonomized with the Greater Rhea.
When Gould classified the Darwin’s Rhea and the Greater Rhea as separate species, he confirmed a serious problem for Darwin. These birds mainly live in different parts of Patagonia, but there is also an overlapping zone where the two species coexist. As every living being had been created in a fixed form, as accepted by the science of his time, they could only change their appearance by a perfect adaptation to their way of life, but would still be the same species. He recorded notes on the subject in his well-studied “red notebook.”
The recently described Mindoro stripe-faced fruit bat (Styloctenium mindorensis) is believed to be endemic to that Philippine island. It was discovered by Jacob A. Esselstyn of the Natural History Museum & Biodiversity Research Center of Kansas University.